All four factors implicated in the cause of acne must be addressed for the treatment to be successful. Whatever your personal skincare programme may be, be rest assured that all our treatments and aftercare products are proven, and never contain ingredients that might aggravate acne further.
- Skin care:
A good skin regime is the 1st step in the acne treatment.
- Cleansing: A cleanser containing alpha-hydroxy acids or beta-hydroxy acids, such as those found in AspectDr, SkinMedica and OsmosisMD skin care products, can help remove the oil and dead skin cells from the surface of the skin to prevent the physical blockage of pores and acne. Beta-hydroxy acids (including salicylic acid) have the advantage of having anti-inflammatory properties and are more oil soluble making them penetrate oily skin better than alpha-hydroxy acids. For those with sensitive skin types, a gentle cleanser can be used and then active products like alpha-hydroxy acids or retinoids can be placed on the skin after as tolerated.
- Topical retinoids, derivatives of Vitamin A, are also used in the treatment of acne. They are one of the most effective topical agents in the treatment of acne. Topical Vitamin A works by increasing the natural turnover rate of the skin, reducing the dead skin cells at the surface of the skin resulting in less blockage. This property also means that skin texture and fine wrinkles also improve. Some retinoids also help to reduce the amount of bacteria causing acne in the skin.
- Dermal infusion therapy:
In clinic dermal infusion therapy combines the latest skin care ingredients to cleanse and treat acne prone skin conditions, targeting the deep tissues where the sebaceous glands are located. The service also helps to prevent future breakouts and may also make the skin appear younger.
- Pharmacological Preparations:
‘The pill’ – Hormonal treatments work by helping to switch off the androgenic hormones, or the hormones that increase oil/sebum production and cause acne. In females there are 2 contraceptive pills that can reduce the hormones that cause acne : Yasmin/yaz and Ginet.
Antibiotics – Common antibiotics used are doxycycline / minocycline or erythromycin antibiotic. Antibiotics work by reducing the acne-causing bacteria (including Propionobacterium acnes) at the surface of the skin. Antibiotics are most suited to inflamed acne lesions. They do unfortunately also affect the rest of the body as well.
Spironolactone – This is actually a blood pressure tablet but has the side effect of reducing the hormones that cause acne.
Isotane – this is oral vitamin A . Although it is great at treating acne in particular nodular cystic acne, it has potential serious side effects and needs supervision from a doctor.
Make-up is also implicated in the cause of acne. Clients with active acne usually apply make up to try to cover up and in turn this causes more acne, leading to the use of more make-up. Foundations, even those claiming to be oil-free can physically block pores and cause acne. Mineral make-up does not block pores, and instead sits on top of the skin. At Jeunesse, we recommend Jane Iredale Skin Care Make-Up and Osmosis Colour, as they have anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatory properties as well as a SPF factor.