Pigmentation problems can be broken down as follows
- Freckles: A cluster of cells which have produced more melanin. They’re prominent on people with fair skin. Most common in children, they’re caused by exposure to the sun.
- Sun spots/age spots: Appear as a result of exposure to the sun over a long period of time.
- Melasma: Also known as pregnancy mask, this is the darkening of the skin on the face and body
- Post-inflammatory: Any dark mark which is left on the skin after a burn, spot, cut or other injury has healed, due to the trauma the skin has endured. Acne scars come under this category.